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|09 Aralık 2012, 17:15||#1 (permalink)|
ATP Nedir Nasıl Elde Edilir - What is the ATP Getting.
When high-energy phosphate bonds broken by hydrolysis of high energy released is used in biochemical reactions.
ATP ADP + P + 7300 -------- Stay (energy)
---------- AMP ADP + P + 7300 Stay (energy)
AMP = adenosine monophosphate adenine nucleotides as indicated. Structure of RNA used in the stimulation of adenine nucleotides. Because the structure of the sugar used in the ribose sugar.
ATP molecule in the name of the only living things that we can use the energy of chemical bonds between the phosphates. This is the energy source of carbohydrates fats proteins SOIRA. Living things are organic molecules that breaks down the chemical bonds. Here fosfatlara transfers the energy released.
High-energy phosphates dehidrasyonla connected to each other. Thus ATP is synthesized. (Phosphorylation) of energy when needed then repeat these bonds with water (hydrolysis) is fragmented. Uses the energy released alive. Phosphorylation: ADP to ATP synthesis by the addition of a phosphate group is called phosphorylation.
REACTIONS ATP synthesis:
1. Fotofosforilasyon: the translation of phosphate bond energy of light. Chlorophyll molecules absorb light electrons in another
chlorophyll or E.T.S. they release the energy they carry to send and yükseltgenirken.
Oxidative phosphorylation similar only the chlorophyll is essential. Some bacteria in the cytoplasm the chloroplasts of eukaryotic organisms
2. Oxidative phosphorylation: the destruction of organic molecules consisting of products of high energy electrons from mitochondria the ETS
step by step through the energy of electrons in oxygen ATP sentezidir.Prokaryot transmission cells in the cytoplasm
eukaryotic cells occurs in mitochondria.
3. Substrate-level phosphorylation: Oxygen is the oxidizing capacity without the need for (Oxygen) only the enzyme
substrate to direct the synthesis of ATP. (Fermentation) this case has the potential to transfer a phosphate group to ADP high
molecule comes into direct contact. O2 in the cytoplasm of the cell and E.T.S. would without the presence of the enzyme. The enzymes in all living things
there is in all living things. Some bacteria can ferment.
NOTE: The first emerged in evolution as a form of phosphorylation. Then the last of oxidative phosphorylation fotofosforilasyon synthesized.
4. Phosphorylation Kemosentetik: oxidize inorganic compounds in the food they produce energy. Only in this case
Bacteria can kemosentetik.
ATP energy in the synthesis of 60% is released as heat. This heat plays a role in the formation of body temperature.
Enzymatic reactions that occur in the cell for the entire construction is called destruction.
Assimilation ¨: assimilation anabolism the building also called. Small molecules of substances from the cells of the expense of ATP special enzymes called the construction of large molecules of substances. Water is released for the event dehydration. The synthesis of proteins enzymes nucleic acids ATP synthesis and so on. photosynthesis and chemosynthesis as
¨ YADIMLAMA: catabolism dissimilasyon also known as demolition. Özümlenen substances in the cell are divided into building blocks with enzymes and ATP is obtained when necessary. Respiration and anaerobic respiration digestion hydrolysis of ATP
Changes in the ATP energy the cell tool
The light energy absorbed by chlorophyll is not that desirable plants. The useful energy in a cell in a chemical form of energy is required. Animals and plants get more than one source of energy in all living cells adenosine trifosfattır known as ATP. ATP almost the size and complexity of the DNA chain is a molecule with a loop of a single nucleotide. In fact two additional phosphate added to a (adenosine monophosphate) examine how to build the first nucleotide in the cell of ATP. As you can see where chlorophyll absorbs light converts light energy into electricity and during the process of manufacture of sugar this energy into ATP. Solar energy is stored in locked up in molecules of ATP.
Animal cells do chlorophyll. They must eat plants provide sugars to produce ATP. Sugar factory burned with oxygen to supply ATP animal cells have tiny combustion chambers of the sugar.
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