Forum Renkli - Türkiye`nin En Renkli Eğlence ve Bilgi Paylaşım Platformu  



"Taklitler, Asıllarını yaşatırmış."
Go Back   Forum Renkli - Türkiye`nin En Renkli Eğlence ve Bilgi Paylaşım Platformu > Eğitim & Öğretim > Dil(ler) > English General
Ücretsiz Kayıt ol veya Üye Girişi yapın.
English General Tüm ingilizce konu, haber ve makaleleri bu bölüme açabilirsiniz.

Forum Renkli - Türkiye'nin En Renkli Eğlence ve Paylaşım Platformuna Hoşgeldiniz.
Forum Renkli'ye Hoşgeldiniz. Forumumuza ücretsiz KAYIT olarak, forumumuzda bilgi alışverişi yapabilir ve aramıza katılıp samimi dostluklar kurabilirsiniz.

Forumumuzda bizimle birlikte paylaşıma katılmak için buradan üye olabilirsiniz.



veya Facebook üyeliğiniz ile sitemize kayıt olabilirsiniz.
Etiketli Üyeler Listesi

Yeni Konu Aç Cevap Yaz
 
LinkBack Seçenekler Stil
Alt 17 Aralık 2012, 22:17   #1 (permalink)
Yαn Odαdαn Gelen Melodiler Gibidir Ses Ayαrı


- Ợuαяαnтinє. - ait Kullanıcı Resmi (Avatar)
Üyelik tarihi: 28 Nisan 2012
Nerden: ♥◊♣♠
(Mesajlar): 15.773
(Konular): 5327
Burç:
Renkli Para : 727928
Aldığı Beğeni: 2553
Beğendikleri: 945
Ruh Halim: Acimasiz
Takım :
ÖdülleriÜye Ödülleri: 5
Oscar Ödülü Teşekkür Plaketi Oscar Ödülü Oscar Ödülü Oscar Ödülü 
Standart Sivasın İngilizce Tanıtımı.

Sivas (the late-Classical and Medieval Sebastia, sometimes spelt Sebastea or Sebasteia, Greek: Σεβάστεια, Armenian: Սեբաստիա) is the provincial capital of Sivas Province in Turkey. According to the 2007 Turkish census, its population was 296402.

The city lies at an elevation of 4,193 feet (1,285 m) in the broad valley of the Kızılırmak river, and is a moderately-sized trade center and industrial city, although the economy has traditionally been based on agriculture. Rail repair shops as well as a thriving industry of manufacturing rugs, bricks, cement, and cotton and woolen textiles are all important for the economy of the city. The surrounding region is a cereal-producing area and with large deposits of iron ore, which are worked at Divriği.

Sivas is also communications center to the north-south and west-east trade routes to Iraq and Iran, respectively. With the development of railways, the city gained new economic importance, as it stands at the junction of several railways and highways and is linked by air with Istanbul via Ankara, as well as an important rail line linking the cities of Kayseri, Samsun, and Erzurum.
History
Ancient and medieval
Excavations at a mound known as Topraktepe indicate Hittite settlement in the area, though little is known of Sivas' history prior to its emergence in the Roman period. In 64 B.C. as part of his reorganization of Asia Minor after the Third Mithridatic War, Pompey the Great founded a city on the site called "Megalopolis". Numismatic evidence suggests that Megalopolis changed its name in the last years of the 1st century B.C. to "Sebasteia" in honor of the emperor Augustus: Σεβάστεια is the feminine form of the usual Greek translation of Augustus. The name "Sivas" is the Turkish version deriving from the name Sebasteia.

Sebastea, which became the capital of the province of Armenia Minor under the emperor Diocletian, was a town of some importance in the early history of the Christian Church; it was the home of Saint Blaise and St. Peter of Sebaste, who were bishops of the town, and of Eustathius, one of the early founders of monasticism in Anatolia — all in the 4th century; the place of martyrdom of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste, also 4th century; the birthplace (1676) of Mekhitar, the founder of the Mekhitarist Order. Several Greek Orthodox and Armenian patriarchs were born in Sebaste, among them Atticus, the 5th‑century Patriarch of Constantinople, and Michael, the 16th‑century Patriarch of Echmiadzin.


The city was briefly the headquarters of the Armenian church. The Armenian king Sennacherib John of Vaspurakan (the southern Armenian kingdom, whose parts make up modern day province of Van, Turkey) ceded his land to the Byzantine emperor Basil II in 1021 A.D. and migrated to Sivas with many of his nobles and people and became a vassal of the Byzantines, until the city was conquered by the Turkmen Danishmend dynasty (1155–1192) after the Battle of Manzikert in 1071.

In 1174, the city was captured by Seljuk ruler Kilij Arslan II and periodically served as capital of the Seljuk empire along with Konya. Under Seljuk rule, Sivas was an important center of trade and site of a citadel, along with mosques and madrasahs (religious educational institutions), four of which survive today and one of which houses the Sivas Museum.

The city fell to the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I (1389–1402) in 1398, was lost to Timur (Tamerlane; 1336–1405) in 1400, and was recaptured by the Ottomans in 1408. Under the Ottomans, Sivas served as the administrative center of the province of Rum until about the late nineteenth century.
Modern
The Sivas Congress was held in this city on 4 September 1919. With the arrival of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–1938), the founder of the Turkish Republic, from Amasya, the Congress of Sivas is considered a turning point in the formation of the Turkish Republic. It was at this congress that Kemal's position as chair of the executive committee of the national resistance was confirmed. (see Turkish War of Independence)

On July 2, 1993, the Sivas massacre took place: thirty-seven intellectuals and local Alevis participating in the Pir Sultan Abdal Cultural and Literary Festival were killed when the Madımak Hotel in the centre of Sivas was burnt down by 15.000 members of various anti-democratic, pro-shariah radical islamist groups protesting against the presence of Aziz Nesin, the Turkish translator of Salman Rushdie's The Satanic Verses. Individuals who lost their lives that day included prominent Alevi artists and intellectuals such as Muhlis Akarsu, Metin Altiok, Behçet Aysan, Nesimi Cimen and Ugur Kaynar, as well as a Dutch anthropologist. Nesin managed to escape the burning building by the help of a fireman, and was carried away to safety from the fanatical mob. Protested by many Turkish and Kurdish singers e.g. Grup Yorum, Arif Sağ, Musa Eroğlu, Selda Bağcan, İlkay Akkaya and more, who sang Aşık Veysel's song "Sivas Ellerinde Sazim Calinir", the tragic and much-condemned incident has been a turnpoint in Turkish political history, with the Government taking a harder stance against religious fanaticism, militant Islam, and antisecularism. There was a national campaign in late 2006 to convert the hotel into a museum to commemorate the tragedy, carried out by the Pir Sultan Abdal Cultural Institute itself, the outcome of which is yet to be determined.

Sights
A cultural hub as well as an industrial one, Sivas features many monuments of 13th-century Seljuk architecture. Mavi Medrese from 1271, Şifaiye Medresesi from 1218 and the Çifte Minare Medresesi from 1271 with its intricately carved facade and minarets are among the most noteworthy edifices. The oldest mosque is the Great Mosque dating from the Turkmen era. Near Sivas lay the Armenian Christian monastery of the Holy Cross, with its royal throne and other relics. It is now entirely destroyed.

Ulu Camii (Mosque) completed in 1196, is famous for its simplicity and it is a showcase for the Seljuk Turks' architectural success. The city is also famous for its Medreses (Madrasa). Gök Medresesi (the Celestial Madrasa) and Mavi Medrese were built in 1271. On the other hand, Sifaiye Medresesi was completed earlier, in the eve of the second wave of Turkic immigration to Anatolia, in 1218 and the with its intricately carved facade and minarets are among the most noteworthy edifices carries on the traditional Seljuk Medrese plan.

The city also contains some of the finest examples of the Ottoman architectural style. Kurşunlu Hamamı (Bath) which was completed in 1576, is the largest bath in the city and it contains many details from the classical Ottoman bath building. Behrampaşa Hanı (Caravansaray), was completed in 1573 and it is famous for its lion motives around its windows.

Atatürk Kongre ve Etnografya Müzesi (Atatürk Congress and Ethnography Museum) is a museum that is dedicated to the Sivas Congress and the ethnographic pieces special to the region.

Sivas is also famous for its thermal springs which have a respectable percentage in the city's income. People believe that the water of these thermal springs can cure many illnesses. The most famous thermal areas are, Sıcak Çermik, Soğuk Çermik and Kangal Balıklı Kaplıca.
Notable natives
Pir Sultan Abdal - Legendary (Alevi poetry|Alevi poet)
Aşık Veysel - Alevi poet of the Turkish folk literature
Nebahat Albayrak - Turkish-Dutch politician and currently state minister in the Netherland's government
Ahmet Ayık - World and Olympic champion sports wrestler
Mekhitar of Sebastia - founder of the Mekhitarist Order of Armenian Catholic monks.
Taniel Varouzhan - Armenian poet, killed in the events of 1915.
Hovasap of Sebastia - 16th-century Armenian poet.
Emel Sayın - Turkish singer of Ottoman Classical Music.





"










"
- Ợuαяαnтinє. isimli Üye şimdilik offline konumundadır   Alıntı
Yeni Konu Aç Cevap Yaz

Etiketler
sivasın, tanıtımı, İngilizce


Konuyu Toplam 1 Üye okuyor. (0 Kayıtlı üye ve 1 Misafir)
 
Seçenekler
Stil

Yetkileriniz
Konu Acma Yetkiniz Yok
Cevap Yazma Yetkiniz Yok
Eklenti Yükleme Yetkiniz Yok
Mesajınızı Değiştirme Yetkiniz Yok

BB code is Açık
Smileler Açık
[IMG] Kodları Açık
HTML-Kodu Kapalı
Trackbacks are Açık
Pingbacks are Açık
Refbacks are Açık


Forum Renkli Sosyal Medya
Forumrenkli Facebook Forumrenkli Twitter Forumrenkli RSS
Forum Renkli Desteklediklerimiz

Forum Renkli Yasal Uyarı!

Forum Renkli Türkiye'nin en renkli eğlence ve bilgi paylaşım platformudur. Hukuka, yasalara, telif ve kişilik haklarına bağlıdır. "5651 sayılı yasada" belirtilen "Yer Sağlayıcı" olarak hizmet sunmaktadır. İlgili yasaya göre site yönetiminin tüm içerikleri kontrol etme yükümlülüğü yoktur. Bu sebep ile sitemiz, uyarıları dikkate alarak yasa dışı paylaşımlar hakkında gerekli işlemleri yapmaktadır. Oluşabilecek yasal sorumluluklar "Üyelerimize" aittir.

Forum Renkli; Arkadaşlık, Dostluk, Eğlence, Paylaşım, Msn Nickleri, Msn Sözleri, Msn Avatarları, Ödüllü Yarışmalar, Msn Sözleri, Şiirler, Şarkılar, Moda, Sağlık, Tv, Dizi, Film, Komik, Komik Resimler, Komik Videolar, Haberler, Spor Haberleri ve Güncel Bilgi Paylaşımı gibi konuların kullanıcıları tarafından önceden onay almadan anında yayınlayabildikleri bir forumdur.

Copyright© 2011 - 2013, ForumRenkli.com® Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.


Forum Renkli Alexa Forum Renkli Sitemap



vBulletin® Version 3.8.7 ile güçlendirilmiştir.
Copyright ©2000 - 2017, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd
Inactive Reminders By Realdizayn

Search Engine Optimization by vBSEO 3.6.1 ©2011, Crawlability, Inc.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557